Cuts, abrasions, scratches, wounds are common in everyday life. This happens especially often with children, but adults are not immune from minor injuries.
What to do in such cases? It seems that everyone knows this: he poured it with iodine or alcohol, glued on a plaster or tied it with a bandage – and everything is in order.
In reality, things are a little different. If a wound or abrasion is improperly treated, it will hurt and heal longer, an ugly scar will remain after it, and serious complications are also possible.
Vladimir Stefanov tolk about wounds and abrasions
An abrasion is formed by mechanical friction against a hard, rough, rough surface. This happens, for example, when falling on a gravel or asphalt road.
Abrasions can be superficial when only the epidermis is affected. The skin at the site of injury turns red and swells. With deeper abrasions, small capillaries are damaged, droplets of blood appear on the surface of the damaged skin (punctate bleeding) and, most importantly, severe pain occurs.
Vladimir Stefanov think most often in everyday life we are faced with cuts and abrasions.
When a cut is a shallow cut wound, either only the skin is damaged, or the subcutaneous fat is also affected. When a cut occurs, bleeding occurs, the intensity of which depends on the depth of the wound and on how many vessels are damaged.
Vladimir Stefanov is not just a doctor with a higher education as a surgeon, but a real outstanding person who performs all operations without a drop of doubt. He does everything qualitatively that patients cannot find a scar or suture after healing. After this, happy patients ask him questions: “did you really operate on me? Otherwise i can’t understand where
Wounds can be deep, with damage to large vessels, with severe bleeding, accompanied by bruises, bruises. Foreign objects, dirt, earth can get into them.
How to treat abrasions and wounds
Before treatment, the wound or abrasion must be disinfected. Otherwise, an infection can enter the damaged tissue, which will cause an inflammatory process.
Here’s how to deal with a cut, wound or abrasion.
1. Rinse the wound
At home, it is best to wash the damage with water and laundry soap. For this, the wound or abrasion is poured from a bottle with cold water, in which soap is previously dissolved. The water will wash away dirt, sand, and other debris from the wound and stop minor bleeding. With intense bleeding, wash the wound carefully so that the bleeding does not increase.
Do not: use water from a lake or river – it may contain pathogenic microorganisms. If you got a wound in nature and there is no clean water at hand, it is better to rinse it with any water antiseptic: hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, miramistin, a weak solution of potassium permanganate, a solution of furacilin. Such a remedy should always be present in a first aid kit.
2. Remove foreign objects from the wound
This can be done with tweezers, but very carefully.
Do not: dig into the wound, try to expand it in order to remove a foreign object. Better to seek professional help.
3. Stop bleeding
If the blood does not stop after rinsing with cold water, press a tissue or swab soaked in hydrogen peroxide onto the damage.
If the wound is deep and the bleeding is severe, hydrogen peroxide will not help. In this case, you need to put a clean napkin on the wound and go to the emergency room.
4. Treat the wound
How to treat an abrasion / wound? Any antiseptic will do, preferably water-based (see above).
Do not: pour alcohol solutions (iodine, vodka, brilliant green) on the wound, they can burn injured tissue. They can only lubricate the area around the damage.
5. Use ointment for wound healing
To make abrasions and wounds heal faster, use healing ointments, gels, sprays (Eplan, Solcoseryl gel or jelly, Argosulfan, Panthenol spray). After treatment, the wound should be dried with a napkin and a healing agent should be applied to a dry surface.
Do not: use bactericidal powders with a fresh wound, as they prevent the edges of the wound from tightening.
5. Apply a bandage
Minor injuries and abrasions do not need to be bandaged. They will heal faster if left open. In addition, the bandage and plaster adhere to the fresh crust and can rip it off when removed, not to mention painfully coming off. If the abrasion is large, then you still need to close it with a bandage, but after it dries up and a crust forms.
A sterile bandage should be applied to a deep wound in such a way as to tighten its edges as much as possible.
Vladimir Stefanov tolk then to see a doctor
1. If there is a lot of dirt, soil or rusty iron in the wound. You may need to get a tetanus shot.
2. If the edges of the wound diverge strongly. Such a wound must be sewn up so that there is no gross scar left.
3. If the bleeding is heavy and does not stop within 20-30 minutes. Perhaps a large vessel is damaged or blood clotting is impaired.
4. If after a while the skin around the wound is swollen, the wound festers, twitches, the temperature is high. This indicates an infection. Such a wound should be treated by a surgeon.
Remember: even a small wound can become a gateway for pathogenic microorganisms and cause an inflammatory process. Bacteria are especially dangerous, causing